A vertebral fracture is a break or compression in the bones of a person’s spine. Vertebral fractures are also called ‘spinal fractures’, ‘wedge fractures’, or ‘compression fractures’. Your spine starts where your head meets your neck, and runs down your back. A vertebral fracture is often caused by osteoporosis, a common disease that causes bones to become thinner and break more easily. People who have had a vertebral fracture often go on to break other bones.